YANAM REGION

P.C.R CELL, YANAM

URL: http://police.pondicherry.gov.in http://police.puducherry.gov.in

 Phone- 0884  - 2321356                                                                                                                  No e-mail-ID

TOPOGRAPHY 

Yanam is one of the four regions of Pondicherry Union territory lying at a distance about 850 km. North East to Pondicherry . It is situated within the East Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh on the Northern Bank of the Godavari river.  The PCR Cell, Yanam  was established  by the Government   of India G.O. Ms. No dated 22/23.01.1987 of Home Dept., Puducherry  and had started functioning at Yanam from 27.02.87 with the strength of 1-SI, 1-ASI , 1-HC  & 2-PCs  located  at First Floor of  Yanam Police station , situated at Pillaraya street, Yanam.  

AREA = 23.964 Sq. km.

BORDERING POLICE STATION

East

Coringa PS (AP)

West

Draksharama PS (AP)

South

Murmalla PS (AP)

POPULATION

Hindus

28862

Muslims

1500

Christens

1000

Total

31362

 

HISTORICAL PROSPECTIVE OF YANAM REGION

The name of the region is derived from the regional headquarters.  It is situated on the East Coast of the Indian Peninsula between 16  42’ and 16  46’ northern latitude, and between 82  11’ and 82  19’ eastern longitude bounded on all sides by the East Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh State.  The town of Yanam lies on the spot where the River Coringa (Atreya) branches off from Gawthami Godavari.  The River Coringa (Atreya) divides Yanam Region into two parts.   The region, which covers an area of 20.0 sq.km, has a population of 24,000 according to the 1991 census.  The region is bounded on the East and South by River Gowthami Godavari, which discharges itself into Bay of Bengal after flowing almost 14 kms.  towards South - East from Yanam.  

HISTORY

A PARWANA  from Haji Hassan Khan authorized the French Representative bouquet, then Chief of the company at Machilipatnam to set up a “Loge’ at Yanam in the year 1731.  The sovereignty of the French over the territory was confirmed by Musafar jung, the Nizam of Hyderabad in 1750.  The place was formally ceded to them only two years later.   Link all other settlements, Yanam too fell thrice into the hands of the British.  After the Napoleonic wars, Yanam along with the factory at Machilipatnam was finally returned to the French early in 1817.  

 The loge at Machilipatnem which was not more than a market centre continued under the French with a semblance of sovereignty till 6th October 1947 when they relinquished their over the same.  

APPROACH  

There is no railway line in Yanam Region.  The nearest Railway Station is at Kakinada (Head Quarters of East Godavari District ) which is 26Km, away on the east.  It is an important trader centre and post town and there is a District Road connecting Yanam.  It is also linked by the another district road on the west to Ramachandrapuram and Rajamundry.   To reach Yanam by Railway we have to get down either at Samalkot Junction (38 km. From Yanam) or at Kakinada Town (26 Km from Yanam).  

TRAIN TIMES  

Howrah ( Howrah Mail)

Departure Madras

10.30 P.M  

Arrival Samalkot

10.30 A.M  

Kakinada (Circar Express)

Departure Madras

17.45 hrs 

Arrival Samalkot

07.30 hrs

             There are some other trains which are having stop at Rajahmundry ( Coromandal Express , Cochin – Gowthami – Patna etc.) The Alleppy – Bokkaro Mail which diverted from Perambur without touching Madras at 08.40 PM will stop at Samalkot at 10.45 AM next day.

FLIGHT  TIMES

The nearest Air Port to Yanam is Visakhapatnam distance about 210 kms. (by road). The flight services from Chennai to Visakhapatnam and vice versa are as follows :

 

Chennai To Visakhapatnam

 

Chennai

 Departure

Visakhapatnam

Arrival

Monday

11.00 hrs.

12.05 hrs

Tuesday

08.00 hrs

09.05 hrs

Wednesday

11.00 hrs

12.05 hrs

Thursday

08.00 hrs

09.05 hrs

Friday

11.00 hrs

12.05 hrs

Saturday

08.00 hrs

09.05 hrs

Sunday

11.00 hrs

12.05 hrs

                          

Visakhapatnam To  Chennai

 

Visakhapatnam

Departure

Chennai

Arrival

Monday

14.00 hrs

15.05 hrs

Tuesday

15.10 hrs

16.15 hrs

Wednesday

14.00 hrs

15.05 hrs

Thursday

15.10 hrs

16.15 hrs

Friday

14.00 hrs

15.05 hrs

Saturday

15.10 hrs

16.15 hrs

Sunday

14.00 hrs

15.05 hrs

SOIL

It is occupied by alluvium consisting of sand clay and gravel Ground water occurs both under water table and confined conditions in the granular beds in the alluvial deposits.  It is developed by means of shallow filter point wells within a depth of nine meters. The soil is grayish black and is essentially clay in composition.  A few thin layers of sandy clay or sand, not exceeding 0.3 meter in thickness are intercalated with the clayed soil.  The river sands on the bank of the Gowthami Godavari consists predominately of quartz, feldspar and muscovite mica.  A few grains of monazite are also found in the blank streaks.  

  A bore hole dug by the villagers near Mettacur for water supply is reported to have passed through the following state down to a total depth of 55 meters (170 feet approximately).

Sandy Soil

3 m. thickness

Clay Soil

6 m. to 8 m thickness

Sandy Soil

Remainder down to 55 m.

There are no minerals of economic value in the region.

IRRIGATION

Yanam received irrigation water through Bank Canal which starts from Dowleswaram Head works (Sir Aurthur Cotton Barrage of the river Godavari down stream Rajamundry).  This canal runs towards east upto Pillanka, a small village near Yanam from Pillanka water is brought to Yanam through a small Canal popularly known as " French Channel " built by an agreement entered in 1949 between then French Government and the Government of the India .  This canal serves the irrigation as well as drinking water needs of the areas West of Coringa river.    

After merger steps were taken to provide irrigation facilities for about 560 ha.  Of dry in the eastern side of Coringa river by providing a new irrigation channel called “ ADAVIPOLAM CHANNEL” from the tail end of Tallarevu south channel and at the starting point of Neelapalli Channel of the right side.  The work was taken for execution by the Andhra Pradesh works department As a deposit work in 1964 and was completed and commissioned in June 1966.  The water from this channel is used for drinking purpose also  As in the case of French channel.

CLIMATE AND RAINFALL

It  experiences a climate which is characterized by high humidity over 70% in the morning and over 60% in the evenings throughout the year an oppressive summer season and a good rainfall.  It enjoys the benefit of both the south –east monsoon.

During a year on an  average, there are about 60 rainy days i.e. days with rain full of 2.5 mm. or more.

TEMPERATURE

From February, temperature start raising rapidly till may which is the hottest month will the mean maximum around 37 c and mean minimum around 28 c.  Humidity being high, the heat is very trying.  The maximum temperature on some days in may or early June before the onset of the south –west monsoon may even touch 47 c.  The sea breeze, however, affords some relief in the afternoons.  Similarly Pre-monsoon thunder-showers may also bring welcome relief on some days.  With the onset of the monsoon in June the temperature falls rapidly and, remaining almost steady till September.  In this season mean maximum temperature is around 32 c. and night temperature fall rapidly till December January when day temperatures are around 27 c. and the night temperatures around 19 c.  December and January are the coolest months.

HUMIDITY

The air is generally humid throughout the year with relative humidity over 70% in the mornings and over 60% in the evenings during  months.

CLOUDINESS

The skies are generally heavily clouded to overcast during the south-west monsoon months.  There is moderate cloudiness in the post monsoon months.  During the rest of the year, the skies are clear of lightly clouded.

SURFACE WINDS

In the summer season winds blow from directions between south-east to south-west.  During the monsoon seasons, they blow mainly from south-west to west.  During October top February, winds are usually from north-east in the mornings, veering towards south-east in the afternoons.  Winds generally light to moderate during the whole year.  

SPECIAL WEATHER PHENOMENA

The storms and depressions which from in the Bay of Bengal in the Pre-monsoon month of may and during September to November, cross the east coast and affect the region and the neighborhood, causing thunder-storms, heavy rain tidal waves and strong winds.  Occasional thunderstorms associated mainly with the onset of the south-west monsoon occur in April, May and June.

 

 

VILLAGES COVERED/ BEAT  PARTICULARS 

 

BEAT NO. 1

BEAT NO. 2  

Ambedkar nagar

Mettacur  

Kothapeta

Agraharam

Bheem nagar

Udaya krishna nagar

Kanakalapeta  

Gopal nagar

Rajeev nagar  

Ravindra nagar 

Francethippa

Vicas colony      

 

Kurasampeta 

Ayyanna nagar

Farampeta  

Dameti vari peta    

Darailathippa

Seetharama nagar  

Savthri nagar  

Giriampeta.

 

 NOTABLES IN HARIJAN COLONIES

Ambedkar Nagar

Ponugumatla Vishnu Murthy

Jalli Ragavendra Rao

Darialathippa

Mellam Subba Rao

Geddam Madavaswamy  

Farampeta

Kamidi Victor

Allampalli Arjuna Rao  

Mettacur

Polimari Raja Rao

Polimari Krishna Murthy  

Bheem Nagar

Puvvala Ziyyanna

Puvvala Chinna Nagoor  

Vicas Colony

Gutam Rambabu

Savaram Sankara Rao  

Kanakalapeta

Kaneti Krishna Murthy

Chelli Appa Rao  

 

STATION STRENGTH PARTICULARS

Particulars

SI

HCs

PCs

Strength

1

1

2

 IMPORTANT FAIRS AND FESTIVALS 

A weekly fair is being held on every Tuesday at Panchala Street , Yanam. People from neighbouring  villages of Andhra Pradesh and villages of  Yanam visits  the fair where grocery,  vegetables,  fruits,  clothes and other consumer items are to be  sold.

 

SN

Name of the Festival

Month

1

Sri Venkateswara Festival

March

2

Brahmotsavams

September/October

3

Subbaraya Sasty Festival  

December

4

Mahalaxmamma & Polaramma  Festival

 

5

Mary Lourdu Matha Festival

February/March

 

 

 IMPORTANT VITAL INSTALLATIONS 

 

GOVT. OFFICES 

 

1

Regional Administrator Office, Yanam

2

Judicial Magistrate Court , Yanam

3

Government General Hospital , Yanam

4

Public Works Department, Yanam.

5

Electricity Office and Sub Station, Yanam

6

Accounts and Treasuries Office, Yanam

7

Municipal Office, Yanam

8

Joint Block Development Office, Yanam

9

Revenue Office, Yanam

10

Agriculture Office, Yanam

11

Civil Supplies Office, Yanam

12

Fisheries Office, Yanam

13

Industrial Office, Yanam

14

Social and  Scheduled Caste Welfare Office, Yanam

15

Employment Exchange Office, Yanam

16

Labour Office, Yanam

17

Fire Station, Yanam

18

Transport Department Office, Yanam

19

Customs Office, Yanam

 

CENTRAL GOVT.  OFFICES

 

1

Tele Communications Office, Yanam.

2

Post and Telegraph Office, Yanam

 EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

GOVT. INSTITUTIONS

 

1

Dr. S.R.K. Govt. Arts College, Yanam

2

S.T.P.P. Govt. Junior College , Yanam

3

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Govt. Polytechnic  College, Yanam

4

Govt. Industrial Training Institute, Yanam

5

M.G.G.B. High School (Telugu Medium), Yanam  

6

M.G.G.B. High School (English Medium), Yanam

7

K.N.G.Girls High School , Yanam

8

K.S.P.R.V.P.R. Naidu Govt. High School , Kanakalapeta, Yanam

9

Dr. Ambedkar Govt. High School, Ambedkar Nagar, Yanam.

CENTRAL GOVT. INSTITUTION

 

1

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Mettacur, Yanam  

PRIVATE  INSTITUTIONS

 

1

Regency Institute of Technology, Darialthippa, Yanam  

2

Regency Public School , Mettacur, Yanam

3

Sarada Vidyaniketan, Gajula lane, Yanam

4

Yanam Public School , Yanam

5

Vivekanandha Public School , Yanam

6

Sai Vidyaniketan, Yanam

    BANKS

 

1

State Bank of India , Yanam

2

Indian Bank, Yanam

3

Pondicherry State Co-Operative Bank, Yanam

 

LARGE & MEDIUM SCALE INDUSTRIES

 

1

Regency Ceramics Limited , Mettacur, Yanam

2

M/s Dr.Reddy's Labs Limited,  Adavipolam, Yanam

3

Somkan Marile Foods Limited,  Darialathippa, Yanam

4

Blossoms Oils and Fats Limited, Adavipolam, Yanam

 

SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIES

 

1

M/s Sri Kanaka Durga Castings (P) Ltd

Adavipolam, Yanam

2

M/s Sri Godavari Kraft Papers (P) Ltd

Adavipolam, Yanam

3

M/s Sri Venkateswara Packing Products

Adavipolam, Yanam

4

M/s Sri Vasavi Compounding

Adavipolam, Yanam

5

M/s Regma Paper Products

Mettacur, Yanam.

6

Lord Venky Pharma (P) Ltd

Mettacur, Yanam

7

Circar Carbides Pvt. Ltd

Mettacur, Yanam

8

Kartheek Metal Industries

Darialathippa, Yanam

9

Yanam Steels (P) Ltd.,  

Adavipolam, Yanam

10

Vasavi Synthetics (P) Ltd

Adavipolam, Yanam

11

Spark Pack Industry

Darialathippa, Yanam

12

Pondicherry Straw Board Mills (P) Ltd

Yanam.

13

Emvee Plastics (P) Ltd.,

Adavipolam, Yanam

14

Vasavi Pigments (P) Ltd

Adavipolam, Yanam

 

RICE MILLS

 

1

M/s Rama Krishna Modern Rice Mill,

Draksharama Road , Yanam

2

M/s Bhagya Lakshmi Modern Rice Mill,

Mettacur, Yanam

3

Sarva Lakshmi Rice Mill

, Mettacur, Yanam

4

Sumukha Veereswara Rice Mill

Yanam

5

Padmabalaji Par Boiled & Raw Rice Mill

Mettacur, Yanam

6

Lakshmi Ganesh Modern Rice Mill,

Mettacur, Yanam.

7

Gayathri Modern Rice Mill

Adavipolam, Yanam

8

Vasavi Modern Rice Mill,  

Adavipolam, Yanam

9

M/s Sri Padma Balaji Rice Mill,  

Mettacur, Yanam

WATER TANKS

 

1

Vicas colony,  Yanam

2

Nalla Tank

3

Kanakalapeta

4

Gopal Nagar ( Construction is going on)

5

Kurasampeta

6

Adi- Andhrapeta, Mettacur

7

Farampeta

8

Darialathippa

9

Giriampeta

LARGE SCALE INDUSTRIES

 

1

Regency Ceramics Limited

Mettacur, Yanam.  

2

M/s Dr.Reddy's Labs Limited

Adavipolam, Yanam

3

Somkan Marile Foods Limited

Darialathippa, Yanam

4

Blossoms Oils and Fats Limited

Adavipolam, Yanam

GAS COMPANIES

 

1

H.P. Gas company

Radha nagar, Yanam

2

Indane Gas company

Dhaksharama Road , Yanam